Letter from the founder of TheRealSignals

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F. Scott Fitzgerald’s ‘Letter From Quarantine’ And The Collective Optimism Of Viral Literature

A note claiming to be from the author during the Spanish Influenza outbreak is being widely shared online, but there’s one big problem with it

In and amongst the videos of lyrics to wash your hands to, Amy Adams singing ‘Imagine’ and pictures of the aisle where loo roll used to live, a letter from F. Scott Fitzgerald, written while he was under quarantine during the Spanish Influenza outbreak in 1920, is being shared on Instagram and Twitter.

Fitzgerald’s words, now often featuring a GIF of a beating heart or a ray of sunshine over them, feel like a letter of hope sent a hundred years into the future. His dark humour as bars close and he stocks up on, “red wine, whiskey, rum, vermouth, absinthe, white wine, sherry, gin, and lord, if we need it, brandy”, is the amusement we all need.

The problem is that it isn’t written by Fitzgerald, nor was it penned in 1920. The parody letter in fact first appeared a week ago on the humour website McSweeney’s, written by Nick Farriella.

Taken out of context, it’s easy to see how this letter could be believed as the real thing, with its writerly flourishes like the noise of “fallen leaves tussling against a trash can” ringing “like jazz to my ears”. Between friends, the article began life as a sincere praising of how modern technology can connect us with those in the past who have already lived through strange times.

Historical inaccuracies aside, the fake letter going viral poses an interesting question about what makes fake news or misinformation harmful. Forwarded notes with untruths about borders closing or home remedy cures to the virus are obviously unhelpful in keeping people informed, but despite not being written by Fitzgerald, the letter can offer hope to people who want to believe there is something on the other side of the darkness.

“I think it speaks to the strangeness of the times,” Farriella told Esquire. “Where many can’t leave their homes, there’s no sports going on, barely any distraction. So, for this parody to get some attention shows people’s yearning for some answer from someone from the past, someone who’s made it through something like this before. But even though it wasn’t an actual letter from F. Scott Fitzgerald, I think the sentiment is still true, and we could all benefit from the way he lived his life, a relentless optimist.”

The last week has seen the building of a kind of collective optimism as people place their faith in the idea that we will come out of this situation more compassionate and more aware of our commonalities. Perhaps just that we will come out of it at all.

A similar sentiment to Fitzgerald’s supposed correspondence from 1920 is shared in a piece of writing by Kitty O’Meara titled ‘In the time of the Pandemic’. It begins: “And the people stayed home. And they read books, and listened, and rested, and exercised, and made art, and played games, and learned new ways of being, and were still. And they listened more deeply. Some meditated, some prayed, some danced. Some met their shadows. And the people began to think differently.”

The words from the blog post on The Daily Round have been widely shared on social media; mocked up in front of calming stock images of the ocean or decorated with a line about how we will get through this. It captured the kind of optimism people need right now, and after seeing it many people were asking Reddit or Twitter who the writer was. Some believed it was deceased Irish writer Kathleen O’Meara, perhaps hoping that the wisdom imparted in the writing comes from the past rather than being written in hope for the future.

Like with the fake Fitzgerald note it has also sparked a debate about authenticity, as Italian journalist Irene Vella has claimed it is a translation of her longer version of the same poem. Whatever its origin, these words are spreading like a global daisy chain of hope, promising things will be okay. Whether they are real or not feels almost besides the point.

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Farriella’s Fitzgerald letter is a fable people need to believe, and his “strain of light” a mantra that, like the real Fitzgerald’s “green light at the end of Daisy’s dock”, provides hope for the future. Perhaps it doesn’t matter if it comes from 2020 rather than 1920, as author Deepak Chopkra wrote when sharing O’Meara’s words: ‘Source unknown. but worth sharing.’

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Sergey Brin – co-founder of Google

Sergey Mikhailovich Brin is famous for revolutionizing the world of Internet search engines. He co-founded Google with his research partner Larry Page. The whole world knows about Google, but perhaps knows little about Sergey Brin. He is the President of Technology at Google and takes an active role in shaping the company’s future. He is the fourth youngest billionaire in the world.

Brin was born in Moscow in 1973. Both his mother and father were mathematicians, which might explain Sergey’s genius for numbers and formulae. Brin and his family emigrated to the United States when he was six. He attended a Montessori school and his father developed his interest in maths. He graduated from university in 1993 with a degree in maths and computer science.

Brin finished his master’s degree in computer science at America’s prestigious Stanford University. He started his Ph.D. on the processes and calculations that search engines use. He teamed up with Larry Page and they wrote a paper that became the blueprint for Google. He put his studies aside to focus on his new business project. It made him rich beyond his wildest dreams.

Although Brin’s ‘official’ salary is just over $43,000 a year, he has a personal fortune of $18.5 billion. He has expanded his business interests into other areas of technology and movie production. In 2008, he invested $5 million in a space tourism company. He is also an investor in Tesla Motors, which is developing a long-range electric car.

Sources: http://www.wikipedia.org/ and assorted biographies.

II. Mind the vocabulary.

to be famous for быть известным

to found основать

to shape формировать

a genius for талант к …

a degree in (научная) степень

to team up with объединиться с …

a blueprint for копия, генеральный план

a salary зарплата

a fortune судьба, удача, состояние, богатство

III. Find in the text international words. Write them out. Translate them. Consult the dictionary if it is necessary.

IV. Complete the sentences using the necessary word combinations from the text.

1. Sergey Brin is famous for …. . 2. He takes an active role in … . 3. Brin was born… . 4. His parents were… . 5. He … university in 1993 with … and computer science. 6. He … with Larry Page and they wrote a paper that … Google. 7. He has … into other areas of … and movie production.

V. Say, whether these statements are true or false, and if they are false say why.

1. Sergey Brin co-founded Apple with his research partner Bill Gates. 2. He is the fourth youngest billionaire in the world. 3. Brin emigrated to Great Britain when he was sixteen. 4. He graduated from university in 1993 with a degree in maths and computer science. 5. Brin finished his master’s degree in computer science at British prestigious Oxford University. 6. He has expanded his business interests into other areas of technology and aircraft production.

VI. Answer the questions.

1. What do you know about Sergey Brin?
2. Would you like to meet Sergey Brin?
3. What would you like to know about Sergey Brin and why? What questions would you like to ask Sergey Brin?
4. ___________________________________________________
5. ___________________________________________________
6. ___________________________________________________
7. ___________________________________________________
8. ___________________________________________________

VII. Write five questions about Sergey Brin in the table. Do this in pairs/groups.

Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper.

Without your partner, interview other students. Write down their answers.

STUDENT 1 _____________ STUDENT 2 _____________ STUDENT 3 _____________
Q.1.
Q.2.
Q.3.
Q.4.
Q.5.

Return to your original partner(s) and share and talk about what you found out. Make mini-presentations to other groups on your findings.

VIII. Search the Internet and find more information about Sergey Brin. Talk about what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

IX. Write a letter to Sergey Brin. Ask him three questions about his life. Give him three suggestions on what he should do in his future. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your “Sergey Brin expert” partner(s) will try and answer your questions.

X. Speak about any prominent person you like.

I. Read the following jokes. Choose the joke you like most and retell it to your friend.

1. A surgeon, an architect, and a politician were arguing as to whose profession was the oldest.

The surgeon said: “Eve was made from Adam’s rib, and that surely was a surgical operation.”

“Maybe,” the architect said, “but prior to that, order was created out of chaos, and that was an architectural job.”

“But,” interrupted the politician, ”somebody created the chaos first!”

2. “What would be a good way to raise revenue and still benefit the people?”

“Tax every political speech made in this country.”

3. Son: Farther, what is a demagogue?

Farther: A demagogue is a man, who can rock the boat himself and persuade everybody that there is a terrible storm at sea.

4. One politician to another: “If you stop telling lies about me, I’ll stop telling the truth about you.”

II. Can you solve the following problem?

A private detective once arrived at a small town. He decided to have his hair cut. The town only had two barbers, each with his own shop.

The detective looked into one shop and saw that it was extremely untidy. The barber himself was unshaven, his clothes looked dirty, and his hair was badly cut.

The other shop was extremely neat. The barber was freshly shaved and spotlessly dressed, his hair was neatly cut.

The private detective returned to the first shop for his haircut.

Can you explain why?

III. Say, whether these statements are true or false, and if they are false say why.

1. The capital of Australia is Sidney.

2. Blond beards grow faster than dark beards.

3. Nearly one sixth of the world’s land surface is desert.

4. The first Olympic Games were held in Ancient Rome.

5. There were ten days in the ancient Egyptian week.

6. A boxing round lasts 15 minutes.

7. You get shorter when you are asleep.

8. Russia was the first country in the world to send a satellite into space. It happened in 1957.

9. Mozart was born in Germany.

10. In the time of Shakespeare there were no actresses, only actors. Boys usually played the women’s parts.

11. Video games were invented in the 19 th century.

12. There are about 2 million bacteria on your face alone. And that’s after you have washed!

13. Worms have very tiny legs. They are so small that you cannot see them without a microscope.

14. The word “octopus” means “eight arms”.

15. Diamonds and coal are made of the same chemical element.

16. Jurassic Park was created by George Lucas.

17. There are fifty stripes on the American flag.

18. In Russia, you can be put to prison when you are 16, but you cannot vote until you are 18.

19. The Bermuda Triangle is an island.

20. A human who can turn into an animal (usually a wolf) is called a werewolf (оборотень).

Unit 4

e n d a n g e r e d
l i o n r d a i r
e g g b e t r e e
p h t o e i t a
h e a r n s h i d
a n n e o d d
n e d w h a l e
t a r t s a y e n
s u g a r t o t
t y p e e n s u e
n o e f r e e r

Unit 6

The answer: The town had only two barbers, so each barber must have cut the other’s hair. The detective chose the barber who had given his rival the better haircut.

1.F (the capital of Australia is Canberra). 2.T. 3.T. 4.F (The first Olympic Games began in Greece). 5.T. 6.F (It lasts 3 minutes). 7.F (You get taller). 8.T. 9.F (Mozart was born in Austria). 10.T. 11.F. 12.T. 13.F (Worms are legless). 14.T. 15.T. 16.F (The film was made by Steven Spielberg). 17.F (There are 13 stripes on the American flag). 18.T. 19.F (It’s an area of water in the Atlantic Ocean). 20.T.

Составление аннотации

Аннотация – изложение основных вопросов, затронутых в статье. К аннотации предъявляются следующие требования:

1. Следование строгой логической структуре:

1) справка к аннотации ( название работы на английском языке, название источника, дата публикации, автор), определение темы статьи;

2) основная часть, отражающая перечень наиболее характерных положений по содержанию статьи. Для этого необходимо мысленно разделить статью на логически законченные отрезки и выделить главные идеи из каждого;

3) заключительная часть, содержащая выводы по статье и рекомендации, для кого данная работа может представлять интерес.

2. Максимальная краткость (до 1000 печатных знаков) и информативность, поэтому излишне подробные описания недопустимы.

3. Использование простых предложений. Глаголы всегда употребляются в настоящем времени в действительном или страдательном залоге.

4. Отсутствие местоимений первого и второго лица (I, we, you).

5. Недопущение повторений в заглавии статьи и тексте аннотации.

6. Использование полной (не сокращенной) формы вспомогательных и модальных глаголов: do not (не don’t); will (не ‘ll); is (не ‘s); are not (не aren’t) и т.д.

7. Обязательное введение в текст аннотации безличных конструкций и отдельных слов, например «Сообщается…» (It is reported…; It is noted that…; The author says that…), «Подробно описывается…» ( It is spoken in detail…; Much attention is given to …; The article gives detailed information on…), «Кратко рассматривается…» ( The problem of … is touched upon: The question of … is discussed), «Излагаются…» ( …are presented; … are explained) и др., с помощью которых происходит введение и описание текста оригинала.

The article headlined … come from…/ is taken from….

It is written by…/ The author is…

The article is about/ touches upon the question of/ deals with…

The author states/ points out/ makes it clear/ says that…

It is important/ significant/ necessary/ useful to say/ mention/ emphasize/ bear in mind that…

Further on it is stated…

There are examples illustrating the fact that…

The examples given illustrate …

It should be realized/ made clear/ mentioned/ that…

The author arrives at the conclusion that…

The article under consideration/ in question/ discussed is of interest/ importance for…

Read the following article and the summary.

Online applications: Advantages for both sides

by Andrew Baxter

Today’s students and graduates have probably been using the Internet for a decade or more, downloading the music they want from the Web and buying and selling their clothes on eBay, so they are unlikely to be worried about applying for a job online.

A survey of 235 leading UK employers found that 65 per cent of the companies accepted only online applications. Just 2 per cent accepted only paper applications. So graduates must learn to present themselves well online, just as they did with a CV in the past.

The advantage for large companies doing online recruitment is that time is saved, and they will probably get the best candidates before other companies. Many students accept their first offer because, if they have a job to go to, they can concentrate on their final exams.

Another important advantage for employers is the ability of the Internet to contact many more candidates if the online site is designed well.

‘Graduates expect the modern employer to use the Web, and so we have concentrated on recruiting online,’ says Rachel Blacke, graduate recruitment adviser at Balfour Beatty. ‘They must apply online to our 13 businesses, but if they are not successful, other parts of the group can look at the applications. This would be difficult if the original applications were made on paper.’

1. Students and graduates are good at using the Internet.

2. Applying for a job online can’t puzzle them.

3. A survey showed that 65 per cent of the biggest companies accept only online applications.

4. Now graduates must learn how to do this.

5. Advantages of online recruitment:

for companies: saving time, getting the best candidate first, possibility to contact a lot of candidates .

for graduates: having job prospects and being able to concentrate on finals.

6. Recruitment adviser recommends applying for a job online.

Summary of the article

Online applications: advantages for both sides.

The article headlinedOnline applications: advantages for both sides” comes from www.ft.com/home/uk.

The author is Andrew Baxter.

The article deals with the question of applying for a job online.

The author starts by saying that nowadays students and graduates have excellent Internet skills. Applying for a job online can’t puzzle them.

It is reported that very few companies accept only paper applications.

Further on the author comments on advantages of online recruitment.

It is pointed out that companies save time and contact a lot of applicants. It allows them to choose the best candidates quickly.

The author makes it clear that graduates benefit by the situation too.

At the end of the article an opinion of a graduate retirement advisor is given. He says applying online increases candidate’s chances to get a job.

The author arrives at the conclusion that looking for a job online leads to success.

The article is of use for senior students and graduates.

Irregular verbs

Infinitive Past Simple Past Participle Перевод
1. be was, were been быть, являться
2. beat beat beaten бить
3. become became become становиться
4. begin began begun начинать
5. bend bent bent гнуть
6. bet bet bet держать пари
7. bite bit bitten кусать
8. blow blew blown дуть
9. break broke broken ломать, разбивать, разрушать
10. bring brought brought приносить, привозить, доставлять
11. build built built строить, сооружать
12. buy bought bought покупать, приобретать
13. catch caught caught ловить, схватить
14. choose chose chosen выбирать
15. come came come приходить, подходить
16. cost cost cost стоить
17. cut cut cut резать, разрезать
18. deal dealt dealt иметь дело, распределять
19. dig dug dug копать, рыть
20. do did done делать, выполнять
21. draw drew drawn рисовать, чертить
22. drink drank drunk пить
23. drive drove driven ездить
24. eat ate eaten есть
25. fall fell fallen падать
26. feed fed fed кормить
27. feel felt felt чувствовать
28. fight fought fought драться, сражаться, воевать
29. find found found находить
30. fly flew flown летать
31. forget forgot forgotten забывать
32. forgive forgave forgiven прощать
33. freeze froze frozen замерзать, замирать
34. get got got получать, добираться
35. give gave given дать, подать, дарить
36. go went gone идти, двигаться
37. grow grew grown расти, вырастать
38. hang hung hung висеть
39. have had had иметь, обладать
40. hear heard heard слышать, услышать
41. hide hid hidden прятать, скрывать
42. hit hit hit ударять
43. hold held held держать, задерживать
44. hurt hurt hurt ранить, причинять боль, ушибить
45. keep kept kept хранить, сохранять, поддерживать
46. know knew known знать
47. lay laid laid класть, положить
48. lead led led вести за собой, руководить
49. leave left left покидать, уходить, уезжать, оставлять
50. lend lent lent давать взаймы (в долг)
51. let let let позволять, разрешать
52. lie lay lain лежать
53. light lit lit зажигать, светиться, освещать
54. lose lost lost терять, лишаться
55. make made made делать, создавать, изготавливать
56. mean meant meant значить, иметь в виду
57. meet met met встречать, знакомиться
58. pay paid paid платить, оплачивать
59. put put put ставить, помещать, класть
60. read read read читать, прочитать
61. ride rode ridden ехать верхом, кататься
62. ring rang rung звенеть, звонить
63. rise rose risen вставать, подниматься
64. run ran run бежать, бегать
65. say said said сказать, произносить
66. see saw seen видеть
67. seek sought sought искать
68. sell sold sold продавать, торговать
69. send sent sent посылать, отправлять
70. set set set устанавливать, задавать, назначать
71. shake shook shaken трясти, встряхивать
72. shine shone shone светить, сиять, озарять
73. shoot shot shot стрелять
74. show showed shown, showed показывать
75. shut shut shut закрывать
76. sing sang sung петь
77. sink sank sunk тонуть, погружаться
78. sit sat sat сидеть, садиться
79. sleep slept slept спать
80. speak spoke spoken говорить, разговаривать,
81. spend spent spent тратить, расходовать, проводить время
82. stand stood stood стоять
83. steal stole stolen воровать, красть
84. stick stuck stuck втыкать, приклеивать
85. strike struck struck, stricken ударять, бить, поражать
86. swear swore sworn клясться, присягать
87. sweep swept swept мести, подметать
88. swim swam swum плавать, плыть
89. swing swung swung качаться, вертеться
90. take took taken брать, взять
91. teach taught taught учить, обучать
92. tear tore torn рвать
93. tell told told рассказывать
94. think thought thought думать, размышлять
95. throw threw thrown бросать
96. understand understood understood понимать
97. wake woke woken просыпаться, будить
98. wear wore worn носить (одежду)
99. win won won победить, выиграть
100. write wrote written писать

L I T E R A T U R E

1. Azar B. “Fundamental of English grammar”/ Pearson Education Limited, 2003.

2. Brook-Hart G. Business Benchmark / G. Brook-Hart. – Cambridge University Press, 2008. – 192 p.

3. Business English Certificates. Handbook. – University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate, 2000-2002. – 113 p.

4. Eckersley C.E. Essential English for Foreign Students. /М.: Лист Нью, 2002.

5. Irene Barraall “Market Leader”/ Pearson Education Limited, 2008

6. Raymond Murphy. Essential Grammar in Use. Cambridge University Press. 2009.

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Алонцева, Н.В. Английский язык для направления “Менеджмент” = English for Managers : Учебник для студентов учреждений высшего профессионального образования / Н.В. Алонцева, Ю.А. Ермошин. – М.: ИЦ Академия, 2020. – 272 c.

8. Андреева, Л.Л. Английский язык для экономических специальностей: Учебник / Л.Л. Андреева, Н.Д. Гребенникова, Н.В. Млодзинская, Г.С. Пшегусова. – М.: Дашков и К, Академцентр, 2020. – 280 c.

9. Березина, О.А. Английский язык для студентов университетов. Упражнения по грамматике: Учебное пособие для студентов учреждений высшего профессионального образования / О.А. Березина, Е.М. Шпилюк. – М.: ИЦ Академия, 2020. – 208 c.

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12. Бреннер, Г. Английский язык для чайников / Г. Бреннер; Пер. с исп. М.А. Сидоренко; Под ред. А.В. Назаренко. – М.: Вильямс, 2020. – 320 c.

13. Венявская, В.М. Английский язык. Страноведение = Across the Countries and Continents: Учебник / В.М. Венявская. – Рн/Д: Феникс, 2009. – 444 c.

14. Воробьева, С.А. Деловой английский язык для гостиничного бизнеса (сферы туризма) / С.А. Воробьева, А.В. Киселева. – М.: Филоматис, 2020. – 336 c.

15. Галкина, А.А. Английский язык для бакалавров электротехнических специальностей: Учебное пособие / А.А. Галкина. – Рн/Д: Феникс, 2020. – 235 c.

16. Гарагуля, С.И. Английский язык для делового общения = Learning Business Communication in English: Учебное пособие / С.И. Гарагуля. – Рн/Д: Феникс, 2020. – 268 c.

17. Гарбузова, Т.М. Лучший способ выучить неправильные глаголы. Английский язык. English. Best way to learn irregular verbs / Т. Гарбузова. – Рн/Д: Феникс, 2020. – 29 c.

18. Гвишиани, Н.Б. Современный английский язык. Лексикология: Учебник для бакалавров / Н.Б. Гвишиани. – М.: Юрайт, 2020. – 273 c.

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Интернет-источники

4) http://www.alleng.ru/d/engl/eng l53

9) https: // www.breakingnewsenglish.com.

УЧЕБНОЕ ИЗДАНИЕ

Английский для бакалавров

Учебное пособие

Издание третье, переработанное

Часть I

Изд. Лиц. ЛР № 020300 от 12.02.97. Подписано в печать.

Формат бумаги 60х84 1/16. Бумага офсетная.

Усл. печ. л. 17,4. Уч.-изд. л. 15,0.

Тираж 2000 экз. Заказ

Тульский государственный университет

300600, г. Тула, просп. Ленина, 92

Отпечатано в Издательстве ТулГУ

300600, г. Тула, ул. Болдина, 151

Поперечные профили набережных и береговой полосы: На городских территориях берегоукрепление проектируют с учетом технических и экономических требований, но особое значение придают эстетическим.

Опора деревянной одностоечной и способы укрепление угловых опор: Опоры ВЛ – конструкции, предназначен­ные для поддерживания проводов на необходимой высоте над землей, водой.

Папиллярные узоры пальцев рук – маркер спортивных способностей: дерматоглифические признаки формируются на 3-5 месяце беременности, не изменяются в течение жизни.

Организация стока поверхностных вод: Наибольшее количество влаги на земном шаре испаряется с поверхности морей и океанов (88‰).

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